igPieChart Overview

Topic Overview


This topic provides conceptual information about the igPieChart™ control including its main features, minimum requirements, and user functionality.

Required background

The following table lists the materials required as a prerequisite to understanding this topic.


  • Charting
  • Pie Charts
  • Data visualization


In this topic

This topic contains the following sections:


Introduction to igPieChart

The igPieChart is a charting control for rendering pie charts into HTML5 Web applications and sites. It uses the new HTML5 Canvas tag to plot pie charts on web pages.

The main features of igPieChart include legend, tooltips based on templates, controlling pie radius, controlling pie label position, start angle, sweep direction, exploded slices and distance from center for exploded slices. For details on individual features refer to Main Features.

Minimum Requirements


The igPieChart control is a jQuery UI widget and, therefore, depends on the jQuery and jQuery UI libraries. The Modernzr library is also used internally for detecting browser and device capabilities. The control uses several Ignite UI for jQuery™ shared resources for functionality and data binding. References to these resources are needed nevertheless, in spite of pure jQuery or Ignite UI for MVC being used. The Infragistics.Web.Mvc assembly is required when the control is used in the context of ASP.NET MVC.

Requirements summary chart

The following table summarizes the requirements for using the igPieChart control

Requirement Description
HTML5 canvas API The functionality of the charting library is based on the HTML5 Canvas tag and its related API. Any web browser that supports these will be able to render and display charts generated by the igPieChart control. No other HTML5 features are required for the operation of the igPieChart control. The topic Canvas Element: Support from Wikipedia™ details which versions of the most popular desktop and mobile web browsers support the HTML5 Canvas API.
jQuery and jQuery UI JavaScript resources Ignite UI for jQuery is built on top of these frameworks:
Modernizr The Modernizr library is used by the igPieChart to detect browser and device capabilities. It is not mandatory and if not included the control will behave as if it works in a normal desktop environment with HTML5 compatible browser.
Charting JavaScript resources The charting functionality of the Ignite UI for jQuery library is distributed across several files depending on the series type. Also, there is a separate pie chart JavaScript file which must be linked to you HTML or MVC views. In case you wish to include resources manually, you need to use the dependencies listed in the following table.
JS Resource Description
Ignite UI for jQuery utilities
infragistics.datasource.js The igDataSource control
infragistics.ui.widget.js Base igWidget for all Ignite UI for jQuery widgets.
Data visualization core functionality
infragistics.dvcommonwidget.js Chart and map common widget
infragistics.dv_interactivity.js Provides support for user interaction such as panning, zooming, dragging, etc.
infragistics.ui.chart.js Chart base functionality
infragistics.piechart.js The igPieChart control

IG theme This theme contains custom visual styles created for the Ignite UI for jQuery library. It is contained in the following file: {IG CSS root}/themes/Infragistics/infragistics.theme.css
Chart structure This CSS resource is used by the charting components for rendering different elements of the controls: {IG CSS root}/structure/modules/infragistics.ui.chart.css

Main Features

Features Overview

The following table summarizes the main features of the igPieChart control. Additional details are available in the text blocks following the summary table.

Feature Description
Legend A pie chart can have a legend configured to display the title of every data item visualized.
Tooltips Tooltips can be displayed by hovering over the chart. Tooltips are based on templates that define the concrete structure and data displayed in the tooltip.
Pie Radius The Pie Radius feature allows controlling the size of the pie chart.
Pie Labels The Pie Labels feature is responsible for displaying and controlling labels designating each slice. The labels of different pieces of the pie chart can be configured to be displayed in different places relative to the corresponding slice.
Start Angle This feature allows controlling the position of the first slice of the chart.
Sweep Direction This feature allows controlling the direction in which consecutive slices are plotted on the chart.
Exploded Slices and Distance The control allows some slices to be exploded, i.e. to be drawn detached from the others, and also the distance to which they are detached can be controlled.


The Legend is a visual panel that shows an icon and a title for each data series in the chart.

Legends are implemented with a separate control from the Ignite UI for jQuery library called igChartLegend™ and require a separate div element on the page. This div element is referred in the pie chart and displays a label for each data item specified by the labelMemberPath option. The igChartLegend is a very simple control covered in the topic referred below.

By default, the pie chart legend option is null and no legend is rendered.


Tooltips are small panels that appear on the current mouse position when hovering over chart items and display information predefined in a tooltip template. Usually that is the numeric value depicted on the pie chart on the particular slice and/or some other related information.

Tooltip templates follow the jQuery template syntax and are rendered by the igTemplate engine. In general, tooltip templates are HTML strings assigned to the tooltipTemplate option of an igPieChart control which are internally rendered and displayed by the controls. Values to be substituted are defined with the jQuery templating syntax, e.g. ${department.Expenses}.

By default, no tooltips are displayed when hovering over pie slices and the tooltipTemplate option is null.

Pie Radius

The igPieChart control allows the pie radius to be set as a fraction of the rectangular frame of the chart control specified by the width and height options. The center of the pie lies in the center of the frame and the 100% or 1.0 radius is the shortest distance from the center to the side of the rectangle. The 100% or 1.0 radius is when the ends of the pie touch closest sides of the rectangle, and 50% or 0.5 radius is when the ends of the pie go to half the distance from the sides of the rectangle.

By default, the radiusFactor option for the chart is 0.9.

Pie Labels

Pie labels are used to designate the entity or data item represented by individual slices.

Slice labels can be placed in different places relative to the corresponding slice. Available settings allow for no labels, labels on the center of the slices, on the inside edge and outside of the slice, and an automatic best fit.

By default, labels are displayed in the center of slices and the labelsPosition option is “center”.

Start Angle

Pie chart slices are plotted for consecutive data items in clockwise direction by default. The Start Angle of a pie chart determines where the first slice is placed relative to a starting point of 0 degrees which corresponds to an imaginary line going horizontally from the center to the right.

Start Angle = 0? (Default) Start Angle = 45?

Sweep Direction

By default, the igPieChart control draws consecutive slices in the clockwise direction starting from an imaginary horizontal line going from the center to the right. It is possible to configure the pie chart control to draw the consecutive slices in counter-clockwise direction starting from the same imaginary line.

Sweep Direction Clockwise (Default) Sweep Direction Counterclockwise

Exploded Slices and Distance

The igPieChart control allows some or all slices to appear “exploded” and detached from the center of the chart and the other pieces.

You can control how much the exploded slices are offset from the center of the chart as a fraction of the chart radius.

By default, no slices are displayed detached from the pie chart and the default value for explodedRadius option is 0.2.

User Interaction and Usability

The following table summarizes the user interaction capabilities of the igPieChart control.

The user can… Using… Details Configurable?
Select slice(s)
  • Mouse click
  • Screen tap
  • Ctrl + click
The igPieChart allows the user to select one or more slices to perform some other task on them (e.g. drill-down).

Related Content


The following topics provide additional information related to this topic.


The following samples provide additional information related to this topic.

  • JSON Binding: This is a basic example of the pie chart bound to JSON data.

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